Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908-1973) was the 36th President of the United States. In 1960, he was elected as John F. Kennedy's Vice President and when JFK was assassinated on November 22, 1963 LBJ was sworn in as President as the country mourned. His dream was a "Great Society" for America and he was a champion of civil rights - though critics disagree about his effectiveness in this arena, and his presidency was overshadowed by the conflict in Vietnam.
1. Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27, 1908 near Stonewall, Texas.
2. LBJ's father, Sam Johnson, was a Texas state legislator and young Lyndon used to accompany him when he campaigned.
3. Lyndon Johnson was the youngest Senate Majority Leader in history.
4. LBJ was a Lieutenant Commander in the U.S. Navy during World War II. He was awarded a Silver Star by General Douglas MacArther after his plane was attacked by Japanese fighter planes over the Pacific.
5. Lyndon Baines Johnson was the first President sworn in by a woman. Federal District Judge Sarah Hughes administered the oath of office.
6. Lyndon Johnson appointed Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court of the United States in October of 1967. Marshall was the first African American to be a Justice of the Supreme Court.
7. The entire Johnson family had the initials "LBJ." Lyndon Baines Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson, and their two daughters Lynda Bird Johnson and Luci Baines Johnson.
8. LBJ did not have a Vice President until he won the Election in 1964.
9. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act into law on July 2, 1964.
10. Lyndon Baines Johnson died on January 22, 1973, less than a mile from the house where he was born.
Lyndon Baines Johnson, 1963-1967, 36th President. From Classroom Help Website.
Photograph taken January 20, 1965 by an unknown photographer.
Lady Bird Johnson in her Inaugural Gown.
(Retrieved from the LBJ Library website, photo archives, serial number 33637)
Claudia Alta Taylor was born in the East Texas town of Karnack on December 22, 1912 and died at her home in Austin, Texas on July 11, 2007. Legend has it that a nursemaid said she was "as purty as a lady bird" and the nickname became hers for life.
"The Constitution of the United States does not mention the First Lady. She is elected by one man only. The Statute books assign her no duties; and yet, when she gets the job, a podium is there if she cares to use it. I did."
(from Diana B. Carlin. (2004) "Lady Bird Johnson: The making of a public First Lady with private influence.")
Wertheimer, M. M. (2004). Inventing a voice: The rhetoric of American first ladies of the twentieth century. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.